A few weeks ago, I wrote about how California DUI law could be affected generally should voters pass Proposition 64 this coming November.
If you haven’t read it, here’s the gist:
If Prop. 64 is approved, California would legalize recreational marijuana this November 8th. As the sixth largest economy in the world and an already existing thriving medical marijuana market, it is estimated that the marijuana industry could become a $6 billion industry by 2020.
While THC is the psychoactive component of marijuana that is detected in cases of DUI of marijuana, there is no way to determine how impaired someone is regardless of how much THC is in their system Unlike alcohol, there is not an established correlation between THC and impairment. As a result, a number of companies are racing to create a roadside test to determine impairment of marijuana rather than just presence of THC.
If Prop. 64 passes, there are many more questions that need answering. One of these questions is whether we will see more marijuana-DUI traffic collisions.
The Los Angeles Times consulted with Beau Kilmer, senior researcher at RAND Corp. specializing in drug policy and co-author of the book “Marijuana Legalization” to ask the very same question.
The Los Angeles Times made mention of the fact that AAA announced last week that it was opposing efforts to legalize marijuana in California and Maine citing statistics showing an increase in marijuana related fatal collisions in Washington, a recreational marijuana state. While AAA opposed Prop. 64, it also conceded, “While the data analyzed for the study did not include enough information to determine which driver was at fault in a given crash.”
To this Kilmer responded, “The bulk of the research suggests that driving drunk is worse than driving stoned, but driving stoned is worse than driving sober. The research suggests that when people are under the influence of both marijuana and alcohol, it does increase the probability of getting into a crash.”
But, he added, “If you are going to be objective about this and you really want to know how marijuana legalization is going to affect traffic safety, you don’t just look at the number of people in crashes who are testing positive for THC. You want to look at total crashes and total accidents. It might be the case that yeah, more people are driving stoned, but some of them are now less likely to drive drunk.”
Kilmer added that the studies are not definitive.
Kilmer’s statements are correct in that, if we are to be objective about this, we can’t just look at AAA’s cited statistic. Just because a person has THC in their system at the time of a collision does not mean that the person is driving under the influence. What’s more, it may be that the amount DUI of alcohol related collisions have reduced since the legalization of recreational marijuana in Washington.
Phase 11 Bankruptcy is most typically referred to as a reconstruction personal bankruptcy. It is used by businesses, Talk to our Chicago chapter 7 bankruptcy lawyer primarily companies, dealing with economic devastation. This could be the result of criminal difficulties within, a slowing down economic climate, new competitors, or any one of several reasons. Despite the reason, when an entrepreneur deals with debts the business is unable to pay, Chapter 11 is the frequently the favored path to recuperation.
Exactly what is Chapter 11 Bankruptcy?
People can not declare Chapter 11 Bankruptcy since it is specifically-geared to assisting service entities recoup from excessive financial obligation. Rather than Chapter 7, which will entirely sell off, that is, close and/or sell the business, Our Chicago chapter 11 bankruptcy attorneys can help you today. Chapter 11 is a method of reorganizing financial obligation in order to maintain the service operational.
Chapter 11, just like a Chapter 7 may be volunteer or involuntary. An involuntary application for Chapter 11 could take place when 3 or even more creditors face cases exceeding $10,000 which are undisputed, yet not paid.
Exactly how Does Chapter 11 Impact a Business?
A service which submits for Chapter 11 insolvency arises more powerful. This is due to the fact that the majority of typically, the reason of the insolvency is normally removed during the procedures. The reason could be inadequate audit procedures, embezzlement by a company officer, a changing economic situation, or something else. Learn more about Chicago Bankruptcy
In the situation of a Chapter 11 personal bankruptcy, the Court policemans will certainly check out practically every aspect of business and also guides. The purpose is to assist business get a handle on their debts as well as bring back business to economic health and wellness with restructuring of debt.
Because of this, lots of companies are stunned to find troubles they cannot see prior to the restructuring. Hence, once the Court has actually completed the Chapter 11 restructuring, the company has the ability to progress unimpeded.
Just how Does Chapter 11 Restructuring Take Place?
When the Chapter 11 Bankruptcy application is submitted with the United States Bankruptcy Court, there are two costs which need to be paid. One is an admin charge of $550 and the other is a filing fee of $1,167. Filing with the court will certainly require the complying with information …
The debtor’s name
Social safety and security number or EIN
Address of home
Principal properties (if a service)
Location of possessions
The borrower’s strategy (if one has been made) or intent to submit such
A request for alleviation each Chapter 11
Per 11 U.S. Code § 1101, you could after that be called a”debtor in possession.” This is a term utilized to represent that Chapter 11 has actually been submitted as well as you preserve control of properties throughout reconstruction.
A service proprietor will certainly end up being a borrower in belongings because they operate the business. As the owner and driver of the firm, they will carry out the exact same responsibilities as a trustee would. Actually, basic trustees are seldom appointed to Chapter 11 personal bankruptcies. An example of an exception would certainly be where the business entered uncontrolled Chapter 11 since the CEO is encountering criminal fees. In such situations, a trustee would certainly be needed to preserve the daily procedure of business during the personal bankruptcy proceedings. This is not to be perplexed with the United States trustee which will certainly administer the restructuring strategy.
Per 11 U.S.C. § 1125, there have to be filed with the court a disclosure statement in addition to a reconstruction strategy. This statement will certainly include the needed info pertaining to company possessions and also liabilities. On top of that, details about the general company procedure pertaining to these possessions and also responsibilities must be consisted of. The purpose is to supply the Court with enough details to either approve or refuse the restructuring strategy. Normally, a lot of local business will certainly not should consist of a disclosure statement since the financials are fairly easy.
Corporations on the other hand typically have properties and responsibilities bound in a variety of monetary structures including …
And also a lot more
Consequently, the financials of a large firm are not generally basic to unravel. The Bankruptcy Court thus looks for added explanation to much better enable it to determine whether the restructuring plan under Chapter 11 is viable or otherwise.
Lenders will certainly have the possibility to vote on the Chapter 11 restructuring strategy. If these believe the plan to be sound, it will after that be presented at a confirmation hearing held by the Court. If the Court then approves the strategy, it is tape-recorded as ‘validated.’
The strategy after that moves on with a five-year repayment routine preventing any kind of extra difficulties by lenders.
Once the Chapter 11 Reorganization Plan is Confirmed, What Happens Next?
Presuming the borrower in possession remains in cost of business, a U.S. trustee is appointed to the situation for monitoring. This U.S. Trustee will play a big role in making sure that the management of the Chapter 11 reconstruction plan removals onward as intended.
As instructed by 11 U.S. Code § 341, the U.S. trustee will certainly consult with lenders as well as all equity holders. The purpose of this conference is to take a look at actions, conduct, real assets, and how the instance will be carried out moving on.
Often, there will be demands enforced which the debtor in possession will need to abide. Several of these typically include:
monthly revenue records
running expenditure reports
the opening of brand-new savings account
the repayment of taxes, specifically staff member withholding
other demands established forth by the U.S. trustee
Additionally, there will certainly be a quarterly charge in between $325 and also $30,000 paid to the United States trustee till the case is wrapped up.
Failing to abide by the requirements stated by the U.S. trustee can result in a movement to convert the situation to a different chapter. In various other words, failure to conform with these orders can result in a company owner losing his/her company.
At the workplace of Gregory K. Stern, P.C. Bankruptcy and Foreclosure Attorneys for Chicago, we understand just how to aid customers endure a Chapter 11 personal bankruptcy restructuring. If you believe your business may need to petition the Courts for Chapter 11 reorganization, call us at 312-427-1558 today.
We offer a free examination and also will certainly respond to all your questions. Our office is comfortably located at 53 West Jackson Boulevard, Suite 1442, Chicago, Illinois 60604. Call currently.